## How does XOR work in Java?

Bitwise XOR (exclusive or) “^” is an operator in Java that provides the answer ‘1’ if both of the bits in its operands are different, if both of the bits are same then the XOR operator gives the result ‘0’. XOR is a binary operator that is evaluated from left to right.

## How is XOR calculated?

Method 2 (Efficient method) :

- Find the remainder of n by moduling it with 4.
- If rem = 0, then xor will be same as n.
- If rem = 1, then xor will be 1.
- If rem = 2, then xor will be n+1.
- If rem = 3 ,then xor will be 0.

## What is XOR operation?

XOR gate (sometimes EOR, or EXOR and pronounced as Exclusive OR) is a digital logic gate that gives a true (1 or HIGH) output when the number of true inputs is odd. An XOR gate implements an exclusive or; that is, a true output results if one, and only one, of the inputs to the gate is true.

## What is XOR of two numbers?

The expression ((x | y) – (x & y)) is equivalent to x ^ y (finding XOR of two numbers x and y). XOR works by setting the bits which are set in either of one of the given numbers (0 ^ 1 = 1, 1 ^ 0 = 1) and finally taking out the common bits present in both numbers (1 ^ 1 = 0).

## How do you shift left in Java?

Bitwise Left Shift Operator (<<)

Left shift operator shifts the bits of the number towards left a specified number of positions. The symbol for this operator is <<. When you write x<<n, the meaning is to shift the bits of x towards left n specified positions.

## What is XOR example?

The XOR logical operation, or exclusive or, takes two boolean operands and returns true if and only if the operands are different. Thus, it returns false if the two operands have the same value. So, the XOR operator can be used, for example, when we have to check for two conditions that can’t be true at the same time.

## What is 1 XOR 1?

The binary XOR (exclusive OR) operation has two inputs and one output. … The binary XOR operation (also known as the binary XOR function) will always produce a 1 output if either of its inputs is 1 and will produce a 0 output if both of its inputs are 0 or 1.

## What is XOR value?

XOR is one of the sixteen possible binary operations on Boolean operands. … That means that it takes 2 inputs (it’s binary) and produces one output (it’s an operation), and the inputs and outputs may only take the values of TRUE or FALSE (it’s Boolean) – see Figure 1.

## Why is XOR used?

(eXclusive OR) A Boolean logic operation that is widely used in cryptography as well as in generating parity bits for error checking and fault tolerance. XOR compares two input bits and generates one output bit.

## What is XOR truth table?

XOR truth table (F=Aoplus B, F’=Aoplus Boplus C). The XOR function is frequently used in digital circuits to manipulate signals that represent binary numbers—these circuits will be presented in a later module. For now, note the XOR output is asserted whenever an odd number of inputs are asserted.